Plug-in electric vehicles (EVs) help address many modern transportation challenges while being less expensive to operate and better performing than many gasoline vehicles. EVs dramatically lower overall emissions of harmful pollutants, including greenhouse gases. They require less general maintenance and less or no petroleum, save money, and reduce vulnerability to volatile oil prices.
Plug-in electric vehicles are typically either pure battery electric vehicles (BEVs) or plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). Both types of vehicle store energy from the electricity grid in on-board batteries that power an electric motor, providing propulsion.
- BEVs—like the Chevy Bolt, Nissan LEAF, or any Tesla vehicle—use an electric drivetrain and can often travel hundreds of miles before re-charging
- PHEVs—like the Chevy Volt, Kia Niro PHEV, Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV, or Toyota Prius Prime—can often travel 20 to 50 miles on battery power for everyday commutes, while retaining the use of a downsized internal combustion (gasoline) engine to travel longer distances when needed. All PHEVs are also approved to use E15, a lower carbon fuel blend of 15% ethanol and 85% gasoline